Limit Test for Iron |Pharmacy Notes

Limit test, Iron, Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Pharmapedia, The Pharmapedia

Requirements:

(a) Glassware: Nesslers’ cylinder, measuring cylinder and glass rod.
(b) Chemicals: Citric acid (20%), thioglycollic acid, ammonia solution (10%), standard iron solution and sulphuric acid.

Principle for Limit test for Iron

Limit test of sulphate is based on the reaction of soluble sulphate with barium chloride in presence of dilute hydrochloric acid to form barium sulphate which appears as solid particles (turbidity) in the solution.

Principle: Limit test for iron

Note:
1) Citric acid reacts with ammonia solution, giving ammonium citrate, which act as a buffer. The citrate ion also prevents the precipitation of iron by ammonia by forming a complex with it.
2) Thioglycollic acid not only reacts with ferrous ions, but it also reduces ferric ions to ferrous ions.

Reagent Preparations:

• Standard solution: Accurately weighed 0.1726 g of ferric ammonium sulphate is dissolved in 10 ml of 0.1N sulphuric acid (H2SO4) and the volume make up to 1000 ml with water.
• Citric acid (20%): Dissolve 20g of iron free citric acid in 100 ml of distilled water.
• Iron free ammonia solution: Dilute ammonia solution i.e. 10% ammonia

Procedure:

Limit test for Iron

Conclusion:

If the intensity of purple colour in standard is more than that in the test, the sample complies limit test of iron as per I.P. 1996.

Also Read…. Limit test for Sulphate


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