Concept of Health (WHO) | Social Pharmacy Notes


The WHO constitution states: “Health is a state of complete Physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.” An important implication of this definition is that mental health is more than just the absence of mental disorders or disabilities.

Operational definition” of health:

(a) No obvious evidence of disease, and that a person is functioning normally, i.e., within normal limits of variation
(b) the several organs of the body are functioning adequately in themselves and in relation to one another

Mental health is an integral and essential component of health. 

Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not merely an absence of disease or infirmity and the ability to lead a socially and economically productive life.

Changing concepts of health

Health, Concept of Health, Pharmapedia
  1. Biomedical concept: Traditionally, health has been worded as an absence of disease and if one was free from disease, then the person was considered healthy this concept is known as ‘Biomedical concept’. The medical profession viewed the human body as a machine, disease as a consequence of the breakdown of the machine and one of the doctor’s task as repair of the machine.
  2. Ecological concept: The ecological concept raised two issues, imperfect man and imperfect environment. History argues strongly that improvement in human adaptation to natural environment can lead to longer life expectancies and a better quality of life.
  3. Psychosocial concept: Health is not only a biomedical phenomenon, but one which is influenced by social, psychological, cultural, economical and political factors of the people concerned that factors must be taken into consideration in defining and measuring health. Thus health is both biological and social phenomenon.
  4. Holistic concept: The holistic model is a synthesis of all the abacus concepts. If reorganize the strength of social, economic, political and environmental influences on health.

New philosophy of health

  • Health is a fundamental human right
  • Health is the essence of productive life, and not the result of ever increasing expenditure on medical care
  • Health is intersectoral
  • Health is an integral part of development
  • Health is central to the concept of quality of life
  • Health involves individuals, state and international responsibility
  • Health and its maintenance is a major social investment
  • Health is a worldwide social goal.
  • Mental health is more than the absence of mental disorders.
  • Mental health is an integral part of health; indeed, there is no health without mental health.
  • Mental health is determined by a range of socioeconomic, biological and environmental factors.
  • Cost-effective public health and intersectoral strategies and interventions exist to promote, protect and restore mental health.

Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not merely an absence of disease or infirmity and the ability to lead a socially and economically productive life.

Determinants of Health

Important determinates of health include:

  1. Heredity
  2. Environment
  3. Lifestyle
  4. Socioeconomic condition
  5. Health and family welfare services
  6. Other factors.
determinates of health

Dimensions of health:

The concept of Health refers to many dimensions such as-

Dimensions, health, pharmapedia
Dimensions of health

1. Physical Health:

It is defined as state in which every cell and every organ is functioning at optimum capacity and imperfect harmony with the rest of the body.

It refers to perfect functioning of body.

It indicate that all body organ are structurally and functional in a normal state and their the organ and organ systems.

2. Mental health:

Mental Health has been defined as “ a state of balance between the individual and the surrounding world, a state of harmony between oneself and others, a coexistence between the realities of the self and that of other people and that of the environment”.

3. Social Health:

Social wellbeing implies “ Quality and quantity of an individuals interpersonal ties and the extent of involvement with the community”.

The social health consider the endive member of society and his health status in relation to social conditions of the social group and which he life.

4. Spiritual Health:

Spiritual health in this context, refers to that part of the individual which reaches out and strives for meaning and purpose in life.

5. Emotional

Initially mental and emotional dimensions were seen one in the same thing but as more research becomes available a definite difference is emerging. Mental health can be seen as “Knowing”


“Cognition”, while Emotional health refers to “Feeling”

6. Other Dimensions include Philosophical, Cultural, Socioeconomic, environmental, educational, nutritional, curative and preventive.

Health dose not exists in isolation. It can be influenced by many factor lie with in individual & society this factor interact & can promote or Determinants the Health of the induvial of community.

Determinants of Health

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